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Educational Impact and Implications Statement: The results from the current study show that preschool working memory is related to working memory and math and reading achievement at age 15. These findings represent our ability to predict adolescent cognition and academic achievement from a single measurement as early as 54 months, and indicate that measures of working memory during preschool and adolescence are tapping into a similar ability. However, attention and self-regulation in preschool were not related to attention, self-regulation, or academic achievement during adolescence. Given that the attention and self-regulation measures in this study are commonly used in educational and psychological research and practice, more care should go into understanding how these abilities change over time, and how to accurately measure them over a wide range of years. This will aid educational practitioners and researchers in assessing early self-regulation skills with measures that are valid and predictive.

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This page is a summary of: Executive function and academic achievement: Longitudinal relations from early childhood to adolescence., Journal of Educational Psychology, August 2018, American Psychological Association (APA),
DOI: 10.1037/edu0000296.
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