What is it about?

The aim of this research is to examine the psychometric properties of a Spanish version of the Human System Audit transformational leadership short-scale (HSA-TFL-ES). It is based on the concept of Bass developed in 1985. The HSA-TFL is a part of the wider Human System Audit frame. We analyzed the HSA-TFL-ES in five different samples with a total number of 1,718 workers at five sectors. Exploratory Factor Analysis corroborated a single factor in all samples that accounted for 66% to 73% of variance. The internal consistency in all samples was good (α = .92 - .95). Evidence was found for the convergent validity of the HSA-TFL-ES and the Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire. These results suggested that the HSA-TFL short-scale is a psychometrically sound measure of this construct and can be used for a combined and first overall measurement.

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Why is it important?

This article explains the validation of the Leadership Short Scale that allows a combined and quality related assessment of the transformational leadership style that is as valid and reliable as the long MLQ X 5 scale. Therefore we contributed to a existing research gap on such short scales.


It is foreseen to develop the corresponding self-ratingfor leaders. Also ongoing research includes this scale in the analysis of team and health related issues.

Professor Rita Berger
Universitat de Barcelona

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: Psychometric Properties of the Spanish Human System Audit Short-Scale of Transformational Leadership, The Spanish Journal of Psychology, March 2012, Cambridge University Press,
DOI: 10.5209/rev_sjop.2012.v15.n1.37343.
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