What is it about?

One out of every five countries in the world is going through a tough time because of conflict. These are designated fragile and conflict-affected states (FCS). These places face more problems from climate change than other countries do. To figure out how to help them deal with climate change, researchers looked into why they are so vulnerable. The authors of this policy paper found that FCS are in a tricky situation because of their location, which makes them vulnerable to frequent and extreme weather events like droughts and floods. FCS rely on agriculture more than other countries to feed their people and hunger is a major problem in most such places. Therefore, droughts caused by climate change can lead to more severe hunger in FCS. The bad effects of climate change on their economy stick around for a longer time in these countries. Since FCS don’t often have good roads, buildings, and institutions, they may need help from other countries to deal with the problems caused by climate change.

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Why is it important?

These areas are home to about half of the world’s poor and vulnerable people. The problem is, climate change is making things tougher for them every day. The study suggests ways to make things better, like having emergency plans, helping farmers adapt to the changing climate, and stopping corruption. If action is not taken in time, more people might have to leave their homes, causing even more problems for everyone. KEY TAKEAWAY: Countries facing problems of conflicts and poverty are now facing even more trouble because of climate change. To prevent bigger issues in the future we need to support them with money, plans, and training. This research relates to the following Sustainable Development Goals: • SDG 13: Climate Action • SDG 1: No Poverty • SDG 2: Zero Hunger • SDG 16: Peace, Justice, and Strong Institutions Disclaimer - This summary was prepared by Kudos Innovations Ltd and does not necessarily represent the views of International Monetary Fund (IMF).

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: Climate Challenges in Fragile and Conflict-Affected States, IMF Staff Climate Notes, August 2023, International Monetary Fund,
DOI: 10.5089/9798400252082.066.
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