What is it about?

This study explores how anxiety and spiritual wellbeing relate to each other among elderly hypertensive individuals during the COVID-19 pandemic. Conducted in Lamongan Regency, Indonesia, the research surveyed 200 elderly hypertensive patients. Findings indicate a significant correlation between anxiety levels and spiritual wellbeing. Additionally, factors such as age, education, and occupation also influence anxiety and spiritual wellbeing.

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Why is it important?

Amidst the COVID-19 pandemic, understanding the interplay between anxiety and spiritual wellbeing in hypertensive elderly patients is crucial. As global health crises impact mental health, our study offers insights into potential coping mechanisms and sources of resilience for this vulnerable population. By recognizing the importance of spirituality in managing anxiety, our findings contribute to holistic approaches in elderly healthcare, particularly during times of heightened stress and uncertainty.


This research underscores the multifaceted nature of elderly care, particularly in the context of chronic conditions like hypertension and external stressors such as the COVID-19 pandemic. Witnessing the significant relationship between anxiety and spiritual wellbeing highlights the importance of addressing both psychological and spiritual needs in elderly patient care. As healthcare providers, our study emphasizes the value of holistic approaches that integrate mental, physical, and spiritual aspects to enhance the overall well-being of elderly patients.

Mr Ferry Efendi
Universitas Airlangga

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: Relationship between anxiety and spiritual well-being of the elderly with hypertension during the COVID-19 pandemic, Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association, February 2023, Pakistan Medical Association,
DOI: 10.47391/jpma.ind-s2-11.
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