What is it about?

In the past, Eastern European economies have enjoyed a relatively high level of scientific and technological activity. This level is now declining because of the scarcity of financial resources. Yet, capacities remain even if they are poorly organized and managed. In this context, there is room for substantial improvement by means of technology transfers. However, the results can by no means be considered satisfactory. This paper reviews the position in three countries (Croatia, Hungary, and Poland) with respect to technology transfers and points out the many factors limiting their scope and effectiveness.

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Why is it important?

In this paper we shall try to understand the reasons of this limited impact in East European transition economies. There is no unique explanation and we shall give three selected examples that focus on the importance of the institutional framework in the success of technology transfers.


The situation in Poland shows a third kind of problem with a low level of technical achievement and a limited interest in innovation from domestic firms. In comparison, firms with foreign capital figure the most dynamic part of the economy but meet difficulties in improving rapidly the situation of the Polish economy because of its size. Competitiveness is still low and trade deficit is growing.

Marian Gorynia
Uniwersytet Ekonomiczny w Poznaniu

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This page is a summary of: National Differences in Technology Transfers in East European Transition Economies, Mondes en développement, January 2002, CAIRN,
DOI: 10.3917/med.120.0075.
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