What is it about?

When describing the dynamics of a process in a container or a closed laboratory system, we have to include the description of the way the system communicates with the environment. In our paper we deal with the process  of heat conduction. At the boundary of the container we may fix the temperature, or insulate the container, or balance the heat flux with the temperature. More recently, many authors consider the so-called dynamic boundary condition saying that the speed of change of the temperature of the boundary is proportional to the heat flux through the boundary. In our paper we derive this dynamic boundary condition from heat conduction with a pronounced boundary layer. That is, the boundary layer is thin but its specific heat is high, e.g. inversely proportional to the layer width. We perform the limit passage and on the way we develop tools from the calculus of variations based on the Gamma-convergence of functionals. We also discover a new version of the Reilly identity appearing in differential geometry.

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Why is it important?

Our work presents the derivation of the dynamic boundary condition on a solid ground in the case of the heat equation. It lays out tools for further investigation on the derivation of dynamic boundary conditions. This type of boundary condition is important because it links directly the dynamics inside the region of investigation with the dynamics on its boundary.


The ideas we developed could be applied to further problems involving the dynamic boundary condition. The list includes reaction-diffusion systems, equations of fluid dynamics, equations used in deblurring images etc.

Piotr Rybka

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: The heat equation with the dynamic boundary condition as a singular limit of problems degenerating at the boundary, Asymptotic Analysis, November 2023, IOS Press,
DOI: 10.3233/asy-231862.
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