What is it about?

In this review, we summarize the existing data and hypotheses on the development of dementia after spontaneous ICH, review the management of post-ICH dementia, and suggest areas for future research. Although the pathophysiology of post-ICH dementia has not been fully understood, two main theoretical frameworks can be considered: 1) the triggering role of ICH (both primary and secondary brain injury) in precipitating cognitive decline and dementia; and 2) the contributory role of pre-existing brain pathology (including small vessel disease and neurodegenerative pathology), reduced cognitive reserve, and genetic factors predisposing to cognitive dysfunction. These pathophysiological pathways may have synergistic effects that converge on dysfunction of the neurovascular unit and disruptions in functional connectivity leading to dementia post-ICH. Management of post-ICH dementia may include screening and monitoring, cognitive therapy, and pharmacotherapy. Non-invasive brain stimulation is an emerging therapeutic modality under investigation for safety and efficacy.

Featured Image

Why is it important?

Post-stroke cognitive impairment and dementia (PSCID) is a complication that affects long-term functional outcomes after stroke. Studies on dementia after long-term follow-up in stroke have focused predominantly on ischemic stroke, which may be different from the development of dementia after spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Our review highlights that there remains a paucity of data and standardized reporting on incident dementia after spontaneous ICH. Further research is imperative for determining the incidence, risk factors, and pathophysiology of post-ICH dementia, in order to identify new therapies for the treatment of this debilitating condition.

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: Incident Dementia After Spontaneous Intracerebral Hemorrhage, Journal of Alzheimer s Disease, April 2024, IOS Press,
DOI: 10.3233/jad-240111.
You can read the full text:



The following have contributed to this page