What is it about?
Many gram-negative bacterial pathogens cause disease by delivering virulence proteins into the human cells they infect. These virulence proteins are delivered through a pore that the bacterium makes in the outside layer of the cell (the plasma membrane). Once inside the cell, the virulence proteins alter the normal functions of the human cell in ways that promote bacterial infection. To enable protein delivery, the pore channel must open. We found that openning of the pore channel is mediated by human cell protein complexes that are triggered by the bacterial proteins that make up the pore. Thus, the bacterium co-opts human cell processes to open the channel and deliver its virulence proteins.
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Why is it important?
The findings in this paper provide new insights into how bacterial pathogens cause disease in humans.
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This page is a summary of: The type 3 secretion system requires actin polymerization to open translocon pores, PLoS Pathogens, September 2021, PLOS, DOI: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1009932.
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