What is it about?

Executive functions are commonly impaired in individuals with schizophrenia spectrum disorders. Physical exercise has the potential for improving executive functions and can be easily implemented as a therapeutic method. However, there are only few systematic reviews of exercise effects in schizophrenia including cognitive outcomes, and no metaanalytical syntheses of effects on “cool” and “hot” executive functions. The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis will be to determine the effects of physical exercise on “cool” and “hot” executive functions of adults with schizophrenia spectrum disorders.

Featured Image

Why is it important?

The results of this review may be useful for mental health professionals to design treatment plans for adults with schizophrenia spectrum disorders, offering potential benefits related to the quality of life and cognitive abilities of this population.


This innovative approach, not extensively explored in prior literature, has the potential to offer a more complete understanding of the mechanisms behind the effects of exercise in this population, thereby aiding in therapeutic planning. Furthermore, considering moderators related to intervention characteristics, context, and social aspects may shed light on result heterogeneity and provide more targeted recommendations for implementing exercise programs in real clinical settings.

Falonn Contreras

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: Effects of physical exercise on executive functions of individuals with schizophrenia spectrum disorders: Protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis, PLoS ONE, January 2024, PLOS,
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0296273.
You can read the full text:

Open access logo



The following have contributed to this page