What is it about?
In mammals, females are born with a limited number of eggs (oocytes), which develop into follicles that help produce fertilizable eggs and hormones. During fetal development, the oocytes undergo a process called meiosis, where they create breaks in their DNA that need fixing. However, oocytes aren't very good at fixing these breaks. Additionally, many oocytes are naturally eliminated during fetal development, which helps with follicle formation. Researchers believe that a process called the DNA damage response (DDR) is responsible for eliminating these oocytes. They found that a specific protein called CHK2 eliminates most fetal oocytes and regulates follicle formation in mice. They also discovered a separate process that occurs after birth, controlled by another protein called CHK1, which affects follicle formation.
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Why is it important?
This research suggests that the DDR controls the number of oocytes and follicles in mammals.
Read the Original
This page is a summary of: The DNA damage response is required for oocyte cyst breakdown and follicle formation in mice, PLoS Genetics, November 2020, PLOS, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1009067.
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