What is it about?

This study focuses on analyzing the wave climate and trends in the Gulf of Mexico using a 30-year wave hindcast. The hindcast, generated through a wave model driven by wind data, provides valuable information about the region's mean and extreme wave conditions. The study examines the influence of seasonal weather patterns, such as cold fronts and the Caribbean low-level jet, on wave characteristics. Additionally, the study investigates changes in wave heights over time.

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Why is it important?

The availability of accurate wave data is crucial for coastal engineering studies and planning. However, obtaining long-term wave measurements in the southern Gulf of Mexico can be challenging. This publication addresses the lack of data by utilizing a wave hindcast, which provides a comprehensive historical record of wave conditions in the region. The findings contribute to a better understanding of the wave climate, seasonal patterns, and trends in the Gulf of Mexico. This knowledge is essential for coastal engineers and researchers involved in coastal management, infrastructure design, and coastal hazard assessments.


As the leading author of this publication, I recognized the critical need for wave data in our coastal engineering lab. Without accurate and extensive wave information, our studies and projects were hindered, making it difficult to assess coastal risks, design coastal structures, and develop effective coastal management strategies. The decision to conduct this study using a wave hindcast was driven by the necessity to obtain reliable wave data for our research. The hindcast approach proved valuable, providing us with a 30-year dataset that captured the wave climate and trends in the Gulf of Mexico. The findings supported our studies and contributed to the broader field of coastal engineering, facilitating evidence-based decision-making and improving our understanding of coastal processes in the region. This publication represents a significant step forward in enhancing the accuracy and reliability of coastal engineering studies in the Gulf of Mexico, and I am proud to have led this important research effort.

Christian Appendini
Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: Wave Climate and Trends for the Gulf of Mexico: A 30-Yr Wave Hindcast, Journal of Climate, February 2014, American Meteorological Society, DOI: 10.1175/jcli-d-13-00206.1.
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