What is it about?

Representations of who participates in undeclared work have adopted either a marginalization thesis which holds that undeclared work is conducted disproportionately by the unemployed or a reinforcement thesis which holds that it is conducted disproportionately by the employed.

Featured Image

Why is it important?

Reporting a 2013 survey involving 27,563 face-to-face interviews in 28 European Union (EU) member states, the finding is that those benefitting least from the declared labor market (e.g., the unemployed, younger people, those with financial difficulties) are more likely to engage in undeclared work but receive lower financial gains from declared work than those benefitting more from declared employment. The outcome is a tentative call for a new reinforced marginalization theoretical perspective which holds that although marginal groups are more likely to engage in undeclared work, they gain less from their undeclared work, meaning that the undeclared sphere reinforces the marginalization produced by the declared economy


Highlights how some benefit more from the informal economy than others

Professor Colin C Williams
University of Sheffield

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: Who Participates in Undeclared Work in the European Union? Toward a Reinforced Marginalization Perspective, International Journal of Sociology, April 2017, Taylor & Francis, DOI: 10.1080/00207659.2017.1300466.
You can read the full text:



The following have contributed to this page