What is it about?
The birth dose of hepatitis B in India is given within 24 hours and those children who have crossed 24 hours are not vaccinated. Because of this reason, the coverage of birth dose hepatitis B in India is very low.
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Why is it important?
According to SAGE recommendations, the birth dose can be given up to 7 days after birth. So it is high time to reconsider the schedule of hepatitis B birth dose in India.
Read the Original
This page is a summary of: Hepatitis B Vaccine birth dose in India: Time to reconsider, Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics, July 2019, Taylor & Francis, DOI: 10.1080/21645515.2019.1640557.
You can read the full text:
Hepatitis B vaccine birth dose in India: time to reconsider
Viral hepatitis is increasingly being recognized as a public health problem in India with 96% of all hepatitis mortality attributed to hepatitis B and C combined. It has been recognized that hepatitis B vaccination has resulted in substantial reductions in the incidence of acute and chronic hepatitis B infections and carriage. Although coverage of third-dose hepatitis B vaccine has reached 86%, the birth-dose coverage was only 45% in 2015 despite high rates of institutional deliveries (79%). With the target set at 90% coverage of birth-dose hepatitis B vaccine by 2030, it is imperative to immediately incorporate WHO/SAGE recommendations of administering the hepatitis B vaccine birth dose until 7 d into the National Immunization Schedule (NIS).
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