What is it about?

In 1967 the Communist Party of the Philippines split into two rival parties. This article shows how different sections of the party had ties to rival factions of the elite. At the same time, the Communist party rivals in the Philippines came to support either the Soviet Union or China who were engaged in a global conflict. These social and global disputes aligned with each other and split the Communist Party of the Philippines in two.

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Why is it important?

This article helps us see past the traditional views of the cold war, in which the Soviet Union and China were allied in opposition to the capitalist west. The Philippines is often seen simply as a anticommunist ally of the United States. This article explores how elite politicians in the Philippines formed alliances with Communist Parties, who were divided in their loyalty to either the Soviet Union or China.

Perspectives

I think that the material on the October 24 protest of Lyndon Johnson's visit to Manila and the violent suppression of the demonstration is particularly interesting.

Dr Joseph Scalice
Nanyang Technological University

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This page is a summary of: The geopolitical alignments of diverging social interests: the Sino-Soviet split and the Partido Komunista ng Pilipinas, 1966–1967, Critical Asian Studies, January 2021, Taylor & Francis, DOI: 10.1080/14672715.2020.1870867.
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