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ABSTRACT: Propagation of seismic waves through porous media is primarily governed by compressibility in the case of compressional waves, and rigidity in the case of shear waves, as well as by density and porosity in both cases. The compressional and shear wave velocities vary considerably with variations of elastic and petrophysical parameters, lithological constituents and their mineralogical composition, degree of saturation and kind of saturant filling pore spaces, and depth. In this study, the compressional wave velocity ( p ) and the shear wave velocity ( s ) were obtained for heterogeneous, unconsolidated shallow sediments (northern Germany), using seismic refraction measurements. The p shows a general range of between 134 and 2,060 m/s, with an overall average value of 1,153 m/s, and s shows a general range of between 81 and 863 m/s, with an overall average value of 471 m/s, corresponding to the top surface soil, and the underlying partially and totally saturated sediments. A clear distinction was observed for p and s when the waves propagate along the surface or through the surface soil, and when they change their propagation from the partially saturated sediments to the totally saturated sediments. A direct relationship between p and s , with a coefficient of correlation of 0.94, was obtained for the whole column of the soils and sediments investigated. FOR CITATION: Salem, H.S. (2000). Combination of Compressional and Shear Wave Velocities to Investigate Heterogeneous, Unconsolidated Shallow Sediments. Energy Sources, December 2000, 22(10): 935-941 DOI: 10.1080/00908310051128336 and https://www.researchgate.net/publication/232849981_Combination_of_Compressional_and_Shear_Wave_Velocities_to_Investigate_Heterogeneous_Unconsolidated_Shallow_Sediments

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Why is it important?

This paper is important to geophysicists, seimologists, petrophysicists, soil scientists, and engineers who deal with civil engineering, environmental engineering, and groundwater engineering, The paper explores the linkage between the two kinds of seismic waves (compressional and shear) generated from in-situ seismic refraction measurements. In addition, Empirical equations, relating the compressional wave velocities with the shear wave velocities, were obtained in this paper, so that they can be successfully applied to similar cases of study.


The research work presented in this paper was carried out for glacial aquifers in northern Germany. Accordingly, the significance achievements of this paper have well contributed to seismicity of glacial deposits and glacial aquifers.

Prof. Dr. Hilmi S. Salem

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This page is a summary of: Combination of Compressional and Shear Wave Velocities to Investigate Heterogeneous, Unconsolidated Shallow Sediments, Energy Sources, December 2000, Taylor & Francis, DOI: 10.1080/00908310051128336.
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