What is it about?

The Spanish Inquisition persecuted heresy for more than 300 years. Areas of Spain where the Inquistion persecuted the most are today - some 200 years after the abolition of the Inquistion -- still markedly poorer than areas with less persecution. They are also less educated and less trusting. Using new data, we argue that the link is causal.

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Why is it important?

Religious persecution is common; its economic effects are not clear. We bring new data to this question, derived from thousands of secret messages sent by the Spanish Inquisition's regional tribunals.

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This page is a summary of: The long-run effects of religious persecution: Evidence from the Spanish Inquisition, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, August 2021, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, DOI: 10.1073/pnas.2022881118.
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