What is it about?

The Internet of Bio-Nano Things is an emerging communication framework, where functionalized miniature devices, such as nanosensors, nanomotors (Nano Things), interact and coordinate with biological entities, such as plants and human cells (Bio Things), to give rise to innovative applications, such as continuous health monitoring inside human body, or smart drug delivery without any side effects. To enable such interactions between Bio and Nano, we need new means of communication beyond the conventional electromagnetic communications, such as using molecules to transfer information, in the same way as natural cells communicate, and practical transceivers designed for these unconventional communication methods. Technologies to interface biological and conventional electronic networks are also required. This article explores the potential of graphene and related materials, which offer several benefits to overcome such challenges in realizing the Internet of Bio-Nano Things.

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Why is it important?

We explore how graphene and related two-dimensional materials can help overcome the practical challenges in the emerging Internet of Bio-Nano Things (IoBNT) field. While much of the existing research has focused on the theoretical aspects of IoBNT, we believe it's time to turn our attention to practical challenges. We aim to provide a foundational strategy for transforming IoBNT from an innovative concept to groundbreaking applications through advanced material technologies, with graphene at its core, while also uncovering new application areas for graphene and related materials. If you're interested in the future directions of this rapidly evolving field, this article serves as a comprehensive roadmap for making that transition.


The Internet of Bio-Nano Things (IoBNT) is an exciting framework with the potential to transform how we interact with the biological world. Its broad applications range from advanced healthcare diagnostics to real-time environmental monitoring. The successful development and implementation of IoBNT are highly dependent on interdisciplinary collaboration, particularly in Information and Communication Technologies and material science. I hope this work will engage a wide audience in meaningful interdisciplinary dialogue and exploration of this groundbreaking area.

Meltem Civas
Koc University

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: Graphene and related materials for the Internet of Bio-Nano Things, APL Materials, August 2023, American Institute of Physics, DOI: 10.1063/5.0153423.
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