What is it about?

This study aimed to address two questions: 1. Can young children with early implantation develop age-equivalent phonological awareness (PA) skill and working memory (WM) capacity as their normal hearing (NH) peers? 2. Is there a significant correlation between these two basic skills for language and cognition?

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Why is it important?

Although the benefits of cochlear implants are well known, it remains to be examined whether early implantation can help deaf children develop PA and WM skills that are comparable to age-matched peers with normal hearing.


With early implantation, Mandarin-speaking preschool-aged children demonstrate age-appropriate abilities in phonological awareness and working memory tests with a significant positive correlation between the two measures. This study adds further evidence for the benefits of early implantation in both language and cognition and their inherent mutual support in child development.

Yang Zhang
University of Minnesota Twin Cities

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: Phonological Awareness and Working Memory in Mandarin-Speaking Preschool-Aged Children With Cochlear Implants, Journal of Speech Language and Hearing Research, November 2022, American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA),
DOI: 10.1044/2022_jslhr-22-00059.
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