What is it about?

Another perspective of polymer nanocomposites synthesis methods, which design to create polymer nanocomposites with high filler content.

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Why is it important?

It covers another areas of polymer nanocomposites which potentially maximise the filler reinforcement. In contrast with other polymer nanocomposites review focusing on low filler content.


The recent development of nanoscale fillers, such as carbon nanotube, graphene, and nanocellulose, allows the functionality of polymer nanocomposites to be controlled and enhanced. However, conventional synthesis methods of polymer nanocomposites cannot maximise the reinforcement of these nanofillers at high filler content. Approaches to synthesis of high content filler polymer nanocomposites are suggested to facilitate future applications. The fabrication methods address design of the polymer nanocomposite architecture, which encompass one, two, and three dimensional morphology. Factors that hamper the reinforcement of nanostructures, such as alignment, dispersion of filler as well as interfacial bonding between filler and polymer are outlined. Using suitable approaches, maximum potential reinforcement of nanoscale filler can be anticipated without limitations in orientation, dispersion, and the integrity of the filler particle-matrix interface. The high filler content polymer composite containing emerging materials such as 2D transition metal carbides, nitrides, and carbonitrides (MXenes) are expected in the future.

Christian Harito
University of Southampton

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: Polymer nanocomposites having a high filler content: synthesis, structures, properties, and applications, Nanoscale, January 2019, Royal Society of Chemistry,
DOI: 10.1039/c9nr00117d.
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