What is it about?

COVID-19 has become an epidemic affecting all aspects of human life. Vietnam is now encountering the COVID-19 second wave, which puts the mental health of Vietnamese people at risk. Due to the adverse psychological effects of the COVID-19 global pandemic on human psychological well-being in these challenging times, the aims of this study are to examine the relationship between self-compassion and psychological well-being and the role of gratitude and COVID-19 stress as a multimediators model in a cross-sectional study. Participants include 509 Vietnamese adults (Mage = 31.71; SD = 7.28 years) recruited through an online survey. A 26-item Self-Compassion Scale was used to measure self-compassion, gratitude was measured by the 6-item Gratitude in the COVID-19, psychological well-being was measured by the World Health Organization Well-Being Index, and the COVID-19 Stress Scale was used to measure stress and fears symptoms caused by the pandemic. The results support 3 main findings: (a) self-compassion has a direct influence on the psychological well-being, (b) the mediating role of gratitude in this model was significant, and (c) the mediating role of COVID-19 stress and fears in this model was also significant.

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Why is it important?

The current study is the first in the Vietnamese context to translate and validate the COVID-19 Stress Scale and explore the relationship between self-compassion and psychological well-being with the multi-mediation roles of Gratitude and COVID-19 stress. The study’s results also show that increasing self-compassion and gratitude could help to improve psychological well-being and reduce the influence of COVID-19 stress and fears on the individuals’ mental health.


Writing this article was a great pleasure as it has co-authors with whom I have had long-standing collaborations. This research also brings insights to readers and us about the impact of the Covid-19 epidemic on human mental health and the protective role of self-compassion and gratitude. It gives some meaningful suggestions for practice to improve individual's mental health in this global pandemic context.

Mr Thanh Minh Nguyen

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: The influence of COVID-19 stress on psychological well-being among Vietnamese adults: The role of self-compassion and gratitude., Traumatology An International Journal, March 2021, American Psychological Association (APA),
DOI: 10.1037/trm0000295.
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