What is it about?

This study found that racial minority and sexual minority statuses contribute additively and interactively to individuals’ perceptions of police and supported the use of the Perceptions of Police Scale for use with Black and sexual minority participants. The observed group differences in this study suggest that White heterosexual individuals may enjoy more positive perceptions of police given their positionality, whereas there were minimal differences and less favorable perceptions of police for White sexual minority, Black heterosexual, and Black sexual minority individuals.

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Why is it important?

The results of this study may be helpful in understanding the effects of bias in policing on diverse racial and sexual minority communities, and in working to address racism and heterosexism in policing.


This research examines individuals' perceptions of the police, which is needed given the increased publicized incidents of police brutality against racial and sexual orientation minorities. Additional research and social action is needed to further address these issues.

Terrill Taylor
University of North Dakota

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: Race and sexual orientation: An intersectional analysis and confirmatory factor analysis of the Perceptions of Police Scale., Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity, September 2020, American Psychological Association (APA),
DOI: 10.1037/sgd0000392.
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