What is it about?

We measured student motivation across three semesters of a postsecondary introductory STEM course and found that we could create motivation scores that were consistent across semester. Those scores predicted performance in each class. We argue this adds confidence in using these motivation measures (expectancy-value theory, achievement goal theory) and our findings have implications for how to theorize those types of motivation.

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Why is it important?

We demonstrate consistency in motivation instruments across time, which hasn't been shown before.


This was a complex but rewarding project! Demonstrating that motivation measures produce similar scores across multiple semesters required lots of advanced statistical analysis but our findings were surprisingly consistent. This suggests people can use these measures across student cohorts to understand and compare their motivation and motivation's relationship with performance.

Professor Jeffrey A Greene
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: Investigating bifactor modeling of biology undergraduates’ task values and achievement goals across semesters., Journal of Educational Psychology, May 2023, American Psychological Association (APA), DOI: 10.1037/edu0000803.
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