What is it about?

Tuning in to Kids® (TIK) is a parenting program that focuses on emotion coaching and is thus distinctly different from behavioral management trainings which place a strong emphasis on teaching parents about behavioral modification techniques. By contrast, TIK aims at enhancing parents’ emotional responsiveness towards their children. This study demonstrated the efficacy of TIK in promoting more adaptive parental coping of children’s emotions, reducing punitive parenting practices, and alleviating parenting stress among Hong Kong Chinese parents.

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Why is it important?

We recruited parents mainly from the low- to middle-income families in Hong Kong. Low socioeconomic status can be a risk factor that predicts problem behaviors in children. The current study was one of the very few randomized controlled trials of the TIK program conducted in a non-Western population sample. It was also probably one of the earliest research studies that provided evidence for the effectiveness of an emotion coaching parenting program among parents in a Chinese cultural context.


This article highlights the importance of emotion-related parenting across cultures despite different construals of emotional competence. Asian parents may need explicit teaching on emotion-related parenting skills that may facilitate better emotional development in young children.

Dr. Kathy KM Shum
University of Hong Kong

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: Tuning in to kids: A randomized controlled trial of an emotion coaching parenting program for Chinese parents in Hong Kong., Developmental Psychology, November 2021, American Psychological Association (APA),
DOI: 10.1037/dev0001258.
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