What is it about?
Adolescents are likely adversely impacted when they witness or learn about their peers' police intrusive encounters. The present paper examines whether police intrusive encounters toward adolescents spillover to predict their peers' trust and adherence to school and school rules.
Photo by Matt Popovich on Unsplash
Why is it important?
In the present study, classmates’ intrusive police encounters predicted higher levels of adolescents’ engagement in defiant behaviors, regardless of adolescents’ history with direct police intrusion. Aggressive policing policies and practices (e.g., proactive policing) may have collateral consequences on adolescents’ collective wellbeing.
Read the Original
This page is a summary of: The spillover effects of classmates’ police intrusion on adolescents’ school-based defiant behaviors: The mediating role of institutional trust., American Psychologist, March 2023, American Psychological Association (APA), DOI: 10.1037/amp0001148.
You can read the full text:
The Policing Paradox: Police Stops Predict Youth’s School Disengagement Via Elevated Psychological Distress
Negative interactions with the legal system can inform adolescents’ relationships with schools. The present daily-diary study examined 13,545 daily survey assessments from 387 adolescents (Mage = 13–14; 40% male; 32% Black, 50% White, and 18% Other ethnic-racial minority) across 35 days to assess whether police stops predicted adolescents’ school disengagement through their psychological distress as a mediator. Results showed that 9% of youth experienced at least one police stop, and 66 stops occurred in total over the 35-day study course. Youth stopped by the police reported greater next-day school disengagement, and youth’s psychological distress mediated the link between police stops and school disengagement. Disengagement did not predict youth’s next-day police stops. In addition, ethnic-racial minority youth reported more negative police encounters than did White youth, and the effect of a police stop on next-day psychological distress was more negative for Other ethnic-racial minority youth. Implications for reducing police intervention in adolescents’ lives are discussed.
The following have contributed to this page