Industrial mine water treatment
Photo by Anastasia Taioglou on Unsplash
What is it about?
In this study, we investigate the adsorption capability of molybdenum sulfide (MoS2)/thiol-functionalized multiwalled carbon nanotube (SH-MWCNT) nanocomposite for rapid and efficient removal of heavy metals [Pb(II) and Cd(II)] from industrial mine water. The MoS2/SH-MWCNT nanocomposite was synthesized by acid treatment and sulfurization of MWCNTs followed by a facile hydrothermal reaction technique using sodium molybdate and diethyldithiocarbamate as MoS2 precursors. Morphological and chemical features of the nanocomposite material were studied using various characterization techniques. Furthermore, the effects of adsorbent (MoS2/SH-MWCNT nanocomposite) concentration, contact time, initial concentration of heavy-metal ions, and reaction temperature were examined to determine the efficiency of the adsorption process in batch adsorption experiments. Kinetics and isotherm studies showed that the adsorption process followed pseudo-second-order and Freundlich adsorption isotherm models, respectively. Thermodynamic parameters calculated using van’t Hoff plots show the spontaneity and endothermic nature of adsorption. MoS2/SH-MWCNT nanocomposite demonstrates a high adsorption capacity for Pb(II) (90.0 mg g–1) and Cd(II) (66.6 mg g–1) following ion-exchange and electrostatic interactions. Metal–sulfur complex formation was identified as the key contributor for adsorption of heavy metal ions followed by electrostatic interactions for multilayer adsorption. Transformation of adsorbent into PbMoO4–xSx and CdMoO4–xSx complex because of the adsorption process was confirmed by X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy-energy-dispersive spectrometry. The spent adsorbent can further be used for photocatalytic and electrochemical applications; therefore, the generated secondary byproducts can also be employed for other purposes.
Why is it important?
herein, MoS2 with thiol-functionalized MWCNT (MoS2/SH-MWCNT) nanocomposite was synthesized following a facile hydrothermal route. During synthesis, intercalation of Na/hydrated Na or SO42– into the MoS2 nanosheets is helpful in the exfoliation of MoS2 nanosheets, which enlarges the specific surface area of the nanocomposite material. MoS2/carbon nanotube (CNT)-based nanocomposites have shown high potential for electrochemical applications, reinforcement of polymers, and in lubrication because of the introduction of advanced characteristics and high surface areas in the nanocomposite material. However, the possibility of MoS2/MWCNT nanocomposite material as an adsorbent in water treatment is still unexplored. (35−38) It is expected that the synergic behaviour of MoS2 nanosheets and MWCNTs would enhance the adsorption performance because of excessive active sites. To establish the adsorption capacity of MoS2/SH-MWCNT nanocomposite, the material was used as an adsorbent to remove Pb(II) and Cd(II) from industrial mining water. The results also prove that such nanocomposite can act as a promising adsorbent for future environmental remediation.
The following have contributed to this page: Dr Neeraj Kumar