What is it about?
This study analyzed the mediating effect of well-being between generalized self-efficacy and vocational identity development in a sample of 724 final year bachelor’s students studying in Rawalpindi and Islamabad. Results from a parallel mediation analysis indicated that generalized self-efficacy was indirectly related to vocational identity development through its relationship with four of the six components of psychological well-being (autonomy, positive relations with others, purpose in life and self-acceptance) as well as the cognitive (life satisfaction) and affective (positive affect and absence of negative affect) components of subjective well-being.
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Why is it important?
In the present study, results revealed that generalized self-efficacy indirectly influenced vocational identity development through seven out of the nine components of well-being as identified above. The results are valuable, as the indirect effect of generalized self-efficacy on vocational identity development has not been determined yet and therefore it provides a new perspective to the career development theories. This causality offers valuable insights into how generalized self-efficacy may take its indirect effect. The nine mediators provide an all-encompassing view of well-being. This ties in with the recommendation of Huppert and So (2013) and Seligman (2011) that well-being must be studied based on subjective well-being and psychological well-being. The study as such lays a foundation for empirically integrating the holistic perspective of well-being into the vocational identity development process. The present study also integrates the application of Marcia’s (1980) model for strengthening vocational identity in university students. Lastly, the study explicates the role of generalized self-efficacy as a positive resistance resource factor in contributing towards students’ overall well-being and vocational identity development. As such, it advances career development theory, research, and practice.
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This page is a summary of: The mediating effect of well-being between generalized self-efficacy and vocational identity development, International Journal for Educational and Vocational Guidance, June 2019, Springer Science + Business Media,
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