Anesthetic Management for Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy

Somchai Amornyotin
  • April 2013, InTech
  • DOI: 10.5772/52742

Anesthetic Management for Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy

What is it about?

Laparoscopic cholecystectomy has proven to be a major advance in the treatment of patients with symptomatic gall bladder diseases. Several advantages from this procedure are minimal tissue trauma, reduction of postoperative pain, quicker recovery, shortening the hospital stay.

Why is it important?

Pneumoperitoneum induces intraoperative cardiorespiratory changes. Arterial CO2 increases because of CO2 absorption from the pneumoperitoneum. Improved knowledge of pathophysiological changes in the patients allows for successful anesthetic management. Proper patient selection and preparation as well as adequate monitoring should be performed.

Perspectives

Somchai Amornyotin
Department of Anesthesiology, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University

General anesthesia and controlled ventilation comprise the accepted anesthetic technique. Balanced anesthesia technique including inhalation agent, intravenous drug and muscle relaxant is commonly used. Intraoperative complications may arise due to physiologic changes associated with patient positioning and pneumoperitoneum. Multimodal analgesic regimen combining opioids, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and local anesthetic infiltration is the most effective regimen for postoperative pain management.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5772/52742

The following have contributed to this page: Somchai Amornyotin