What is it about?

The relationship between the three parameters in virtual R&D teams which are People, Technology, and Process, and virtual team's effectiveness is described. Increased global competitions have urged small and medium enterprises (SMEs) to develop new products faster. Virtual research and development (R&D) teams in SMEs can offer a solution to speed up time-to-market of new product development (NPD). However, factors that affect the effectiveness of virtual teams for NPD are still not adequately verified. This paper presents the correlations between virtual R&D team constructs and virtual team effectiveness by developing a “Virtual Research and Development Team” (ViR&DT) model. The items, which may influence the effectiveness of virtual teams, are taken from the literature. Through an online survey and by application of structural equation modeling (SEM) technique, the proposed model (ViR&DT) has been tested. The results suggest that the process construct is strongly correlated to the effectiveness of virtual teams. Therefore, NPD managers in virtual R&D teams should concentrate on the process of new product development rather than simply equipping the teams with the latest technology or employing highly qualified experts. Further empirical research is recommended to fully explore and appreciate the breadth of application of the ViR&DT model.

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Why is it important?

I found that he director of virtual team can reduce the cost and time of new product by improving the process. So, no need to spend too much investment to equip the team with high technology instruments or employ only talented knowledge workers.


The paper provides a strategic forward guideline to the manager of new product development through virtual R&D teams. Improve and concentrate on the process of new product development rather than technology and people.

Dr Nader Ale Ebrahim
Alzahra University

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This page is a summary of: Virtual R&D Teams: A New Model for Product Development, International Journal of Innovation, October 2015, University Nove de Julho,
DOI: 10.5585/iji.v3i2.43.
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