What is it about?

This essay discusses North Korea's mass culture project during the Chollima Movement (ca. 1956-1961). With the economic policy that prioritized heavy industry in pursuit of self-sufficiency, the North Korean art world initiated the mass mobilization of professional artists and workers to increase productivity in the diverse loci of socialist construction. This study also shows how the collective modes of art production and consumption created "production culture" as a means of meeting the goals of the First People's Economic Plan (1957-61).

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Why is it important?

Scholars have published articles and books regarding the Chollima Movement but they have rarely discussed the visual culture of the Chollima Movement and its afterlives in the 1970s and the 1980s. This essay discusses this overlooked field.


It was my great pleasure to navigate primary sources from North Korea. This article will be incorporated into the book manuscript that I have been writing.

Dr Victoria Young Ji Lee
State University of New York (Korea-FIT)

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This page is a summary of: Loci and the Flying Horse: A Mass Culture Project in the Age of Chollima and a Visualization of the People’s Economy, Journal of Korean Modern & Contemporary Art History, December 2020, Association of Korean Modern and Contemporary Art History, DOI: 10.46834/jkmcah.2020.12.40.477.
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