What is it about?

This paper pioneers to use a triple bottom line approach to examine the environmental, economic, and social performance of Hong Kong’s logistics sector. Specifically, it highlights that air freight transport was the key contributor to GHG emissions although air freight only contributed to merely 1.3 percent of the total cargo throughput.

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Why is it important?

Logistics play a crucial role in the development of the world economy as globalization continues. However, all transport modes consume energy and produce pollutants such as greenhouse gases (GHGs). The paper uses a triple bottom line approach to evaluate the impacts of Hong Kong's logistics sector on economic, social, and environmental grounds.


The logistics sector contributed an average of 4.2% to HK’s total GDP, provided an average of 5.6% of total employment, but produced over 20% (when only outbound cargo freight was considered) of HK’s total GHG emission. If most of the air freight cargoes between Hong Kong and mainland China (about one million tons) had been transported by container ships rather than by air freight, it would have saved 2.6 million tons of CO2–eq and cut down the total GHG emissions from HK's logistics sector by several percentages.

Professor W.M. To
Macao Polytechnic University

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: A Triple Bottom Line Analysis of Hong Kong’s Logistics Sector, Sustainability, March 2017, MDPI AG, DOI: 10.3390/su9030388.
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