What is it about?

This meta-analysis examines the functional changes in the default mode network (DMN) and structural alterations in gray matter (GM) in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). The study found increased functional connectivity within the DMN, mainly in areas such as the left IPG, right angular gyrus, and right precuneus. Abnormal structural brain changes were detected in regions responsible for pain and emotion processing. The study also found decreased connectivity between the DMN and the limbic system, which links visceral states and emotions to cognition and behavior. The research suggests that IBS is a psychosomatic disorder, and psychological factors may play a significant role in its development. The study concludes that the findings could help in understanding the pathophysiology of IBS and could potentially identify biomarkers for the condition. [Some of the content on this page has been created by AI]

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Why is it important?

The study is important because it synthesizes diverse results from rs-FC of DMN and VBM in IBS patients, providing a comprehensive understanding of the functional and structural changes in the brain that may contribute to the development and maintenance of Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS). Key Takeaways: 1. Increased functional connectivity within the Default Mode Network (DMN) may imply deficits in pain-related visceral attention and sensations. 2. Decreased connectivity between DMN and the limbic system is associated with dysregulation of emotions, memory, and cognitive function. 3. Structural brain changes were detected in regions mainly participating in pain and emotion processing, as well as areas responsible for attention, emotion, and pain processing. 4. Hyper/hypo-connectivity converged with GM changes was located in brain regions involved in attention, emotion, and pain processing, suggesting potential biomarkers for IBS.

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: Functional changes of default mode network and structural alterations of gray matter in patients with irritable bowel syndrome: a meta-analysis of whole-brain studies, Frontiers in Neuroscience, October 2023, Frontiers,
DOI: 10.3389/fnins.2023.1236069.
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