What is it about?

Among people with mental disabilities in Japan, 50.7% have left employment within a year despite the provision of employment support. Their subjective perceptions are likely relevant, as many causes for leaving employment are personal. However, thus far, employment continuity assessment has been based on objective indicators, while subjective evaluation remains underdeveloped. We conducted a mixed-methods study to identify the subjective characteristics that impact the ability of persons with mental disabilities to continue working while receiving employment support.

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Why is it important?

This study used a mixed-methods approach to identify the characteristics of the subjective perceptions that affect the employment of people with mental disabilities who continue to work. The results revealed five overarching superordinate concepts and 12 subordinate concepts of the subjective perceptions regarding maintaining the current work and the future for the participants who continue to work, drawing on their experiences and work preparation. The subjective perceptions may be related to the participants’ experience and the time course of continuing to work. In the future, it is expected that the participants’ subjective perceptions will be focused on in support of continued employment; further, the subjective needs for continued employment will be reflected.


We intend to utilize the findings of this research to develop an assessment tool that can capture the subjective needs of individuals with mental disabilities seeking to sustain employment.

Naoko Baba
Gunma Paz University

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: Subjective perceptions that affect the continued employment of persons with mental disabilities in Japan: A mixed-methods study, Work, June 2023, IOS Press,
DOI: 10.3233/wor-220144.
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