What is it about?

Every day, people around the world face the severe impacts of climate change. This has a negative impact on public security. People are worried about how climate change may impact their means of earning a living, their cultures, and their homes. This worry could lead to violent conflicts over resources that are being depleted by climate change. One such example is the conflicts occurring in Brazil with respect to water resources. The authors of a paper published in 2021 dive deep into these conflicts. They also see how Brazilian law ties in here. The authors detail the evolution of public security in Brazil. Next, they list historical events centered around climate change conflicts. The point of this is to explain how climate change magnifies people's anxieties and leads to conflict. They then detail the main factors fueling the conflict over water resources in the country. But how can we deal with this problem? The authors have some suggestions. One of these involves modifying Brazilian law so that it addresses climate security. There are more suggestions on how institutions and governments can adapt to climate change.

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Why is it important?

Climate change conflicts have been found to disrupt social systems. Therefore, governments need adapt to climate change, and reassure people of their safety. This will help bring social stability. KEY TAKEAWAY: Climate change should be seen as a driver of events that might harm not only the environment, but also economies and human health. It has the potential to negatively impact public security. Therefore, the authors of this paper put forward a set of guidelines that can foster adaptability and resilience to climate change, for governments. These action points can help build peace in areas of climate change conflict, like Brazil.

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: Climate Change, Public Insecurity and Law: Conflicts Over Water Resources in the Brazilian Context, Environmental Policy and Law, August 2021, IOS Press, DOI: 10.3233/epl-201040.
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