What is it about?

Sustainable development goals (SDGs) are part of the UN’s global agenda to transform the world by 2030. The three major facets of the SDGs are economic growth, social inclusion, and environmental protection or sustainability. These SDGs are especially critical for the continent of Africa, which is under great threat from climate change. Climate action and sustainable development need to be enforced side by side. Action towards the SDGs need to be made in concert with local institutions and local government. Legislature that can promote these the SDGs is also essential. There needs to be an open dialogue between the national and local government, civil society, businesses, representatives from academia and science, and faith-based groups. A comprehensive governmental program is key to achieving the SDGs. Governmental accountability, a high degree of organisation, and mobilisation of resources are other factors to that end.

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Why is it important?

African economies are highly dependent on agriculture, have poor infrastructure, fragile governance and institutions, and poor human development. This makes them particularly vulnerable to climate change. Increasing climate change will only make it harder for African countries to achieve economic development. Moreover, Africa is a diverse continent, and it is difficult for nations to adopt a one-size-fits-all strategy. This paper lays the groundwork towards achieving SDGs in African countries by highlighting key areas of focus in the implementation plan. KEY TAKEAWAY: Multi-stakeholder dialogue and action backed by a nation-level policy are paramount to achieving SDGs in African countries.

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This page is a summary of: Achieving Sustainable Development Goals Through Effective Domestic Laws and Policies on Environment and Climate Change, Environmental Policy and Law, April 2018, IOS Press,
DOI: 10.3233/epl-180049.
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