What is it about?
THE turbulent Prandtl number variation within the near-wall region of fully developed boundary layers is obtained by using profile analysis. This is achieved by deriving expressions for the" eddy" diffusivities from Spalding's inner layer formula and its thermal analogue. The analysis is performed over two orders of magnitude of the molecular Prandtl number, encompassing most of the common, non-metallic fluids. The turbulent Prandtl number distribution is found to be complex and dependent on its molecular counterpart within the diffusive sublayer. It is compared with the distributions implied by several phenomenological models, and the consequences for the treatment of the near-wall region in numerical calculation procedures for thin shear layers are discussed.
Photo by Andrew Neel on Unsplash
Why is it important?
The turbulent Prandtl number variation within the near-wall region of boundary lawyer flows, where the total stress/heat-flux remains essentially constant normal to the wall, has been obtained using profile analysis. This was achieved by deriving expressions for the corresponding distributions for the edcly diffusivities of momentum and heat from Spalding's inner layer velocity profile formula together with its thermal analogue. This approach ensures that the limiting conditions at high and low turbulence Reynolds numbers are satisfied explicitly. The turbulent Prandtl number variation was found to be complex, and molecular Prandtl number dependent within the diffusive sublayer, where the molecular and Reynolds fluxes are of comparable magnitude. These rather exotic distributions are a consequence of the inherent limitations imposed by the framework within which the concept of the turbulent Prandtl number was originally developed. It is therefore unlikely that any further insight into the transport mechanisms within the near-wall region can be obtained using this conceptual framework. Nevertheless, improved computations are possible via the development of turbulent Prandtl number models which better reflect the inner lawyer behaviour indicated by the present analysis.
Read the Original
This page is a summary of: Turbulent Prandtl number within a near-wall flow, AIAA Journal, November 1985, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA),
You can read the full text:
Turbulent Prandtl Number Distribution within the Constant Stress/Heat-Flux Region of a Near-Wall Flow
Full report of the profile analysis is available in the document from the then Cranfield Institute of Technology:- G.P. Hammond, Turbulent Prandtl Number Distribution within the Constant Stress/Heat-Flux Region of a Near-Wall Flow, SME Report No. 8401, Cranfield Institute of Technology, Bedford, UK, January 1984 [ISBN 0 902937 96 0].
The following have contributed to this page