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The causal relationship between urbanization and economic growth in US: Fresh evidence from the Toda–Yamamoto approach * Dr. ANDISHEH SALIMINEZHAD1, Dr. PEJMAN BAHRAMIAN2 1 Department of Economics, Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, Near East University, Nicosia, Northern Cyprus, Mersin 10, Turkey 2 Senior Economist, Cambridge Resources International, Inc. (CRI), MA, USA. Email: andisheh.saliminezhad@neu.edu.tr , E mail: pejman.bahramian@cri-world.com A B S T R A C T This study aims to investigate the causal relationships between urbanization and economic growth for United State during the period 1960- 2017. We utilize the time series technique known as Toda-Yamamoto method, which efficiently works even with the variables co-integrated of an arbitrary order. Empirical findings suggest a unidirectional Granger causality running from urbanization to economic growth, and no Granger causality detected from economic growth to urbanization for the long run. The findings prove that urbanization is nominated as a main driving force of economic growth. CONTEMPORARY URBAN AFFAIRS (2019), 3(2), 166- 172. https://doi.org/10.25034/ijcua.2018.47xd13

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The causal relationship between urbanization and economic growth in US: Fresh evidence from the Toda–Yamamoto approach * Dr. ANDISHEH SALIMINEZHAD1, Dr. PEJMAN BAHRAMIAN2 1 Department of Economics, Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, Near East University, Nicosia, Northern Cyprus, Mersin 10, Turkey 2 Senior Economist, Cambridge Resources International, Inc. (CRI), MA, USA. Email: andisheh.saliminezhad@neu.edu.tr , E mail: pejman.bahramian@cri-world.com A B S T R A C T This study aims to investigate the causal relationships between urbanization and economic growth for United State during the period 1960- 2017. We utilize the time series technique known as Toda-Yamamoto method, which efficiently works even with the variables co-integrated of an arbitrary order. Empirical findings suggest a unidirectional Granger causality running from urbanization to economic growth, and no Granger causality detected from economic growth to urbanization for the long run. The findings prove that urbanization is nominated as a main driving force of economic growth. CONTEMPORARY URBAN AFFAIRS (2019), 3(2), 166- 172. https://doi.org/10.25034/ijcua.2018.47xd13

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The causal relationship between urbanization and economic growth in US: Fresh evidence from the Toda–Yamamoto approach * Dr. ANDISHEH SALIMINEZHAD1, Dr. PEJMAN BAHRAMIAN2 1 Department of Economics, Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, Near East University, Nicosia, Northern Cyprus, Mersin 10, Turkey 2 Senior Economist, Cambridge Resources International, Inc. (CRI), MA, USA. Email: andisheh.saliminezhad@neu.edu.tr , E mail: pejman.bahramian@cri-world.com A B S T R A C T This study aims to investigate the causal relationships between urbanization and economic growth for United State during the period 1960- 2017. We utilize the time series technique known as Toda-Yamamoto method, which efficiently works even with the variables co-integrated of an arbitrary order. Empirical findings suggest a unidirectional Granger causality running from urbanization to economic growth, and no Granger causality detected from economic growth to urbanization for the long run. The findings prove that urbanization is nominated as a main driving force of economic growth. CONTEMPORARY URBAN AFFAIRS (2019), 3(2), 166- 172. https://doi.org/10.25034/ijcua.2018.47xd13

Journal of Contemporary Urban Affairs
Girne American University

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This page is a summary of: The causal relationship between urbanization and economic growth in US: Fresh evidence from the Toda–Yamamoto approach, Journal of Contemporary Urban Affairs, December 2018, Journal of Contemporary Urban Affairs (JCUA), DOI: 10.25034/ijcua.2018.47xd13.
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