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A B S T R A C T Human settlements have constantly provided to accommodate the wellbeing, security and the prosperity of their residents regarding plan and closeness of area to water, sustenance and other crucial assets. Safety and security have been critical issues all through history, from early ancient period to medieval and present day urban areas. In light of the populace development and quick urbanization that propels everywhere throughout the world, crime has turned out to be a standout amongst the most genuine social issues. Actually, governments and diverse specialists are attempting to vanquish this marvel by contributing a colossal measure of trade as invasive measures. Regardless, this issue is as yet uncertain as crime rates far and wide continue heightening. Dealing with and diminishing the pessimistic impacts of crime on human life will provoke more conspicuous controls and further welcome more enthusiasm of both the general population and the Community. This exploration will talk about crime and economical design concerning man and its condition with a view to decreasing the effect it has on man and nature. Designers and other design experts should mull over the encompassing condition keeping in mind the end goal to lessen. The design of structures and the game plan public offices and other outside spaces can influence the chance of crime and the level of dread of crime

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Impact of A Community Place in Regards to Sustainable Design towards Decreasing Social Crime*MA.NADEREH AFZHOOL Faculty of Architecture, Girne American University, North Cyprus E mail: nadreh.afjool@gmail.com A B S T R A C T Human settlements have constantly provided to accommodate the wellbeing, security and the prosperity of their residents regarding plan and closeness of area to water, sustenance and other crucial assets. Safety and security have been critical issues all through history, from early ancient period to medieval and present day urban areas. In light of the populace development and quick urbanization that propels everywhere throughout the world, crime has turned out to be a standout amongst the most genuine social issues. Actually, governments and diverse specialists are attempting to vanquish this marvel by contributing a colossal measure of trade as invasive measures. Regardless, this issue is as yet uncertain as crime rates far and wide continue heightening. Dealing with and diminishing the pessimistic impacts of crime on human life will provoke more conspicuous controls and further welcome more enthusiasm of both the general population and the Community. This exploration will talk about crime and economical design concerning man and its condition with a view to decreasing the effect it has on man and nature. Designers and other design experts should mull over the encompassing condition keeping in mind the end goal to lessen. The design of structures and the game plan public offices and other outside spaces can influence the chance of crime and the level of dread of crime. CONTEMPORARY URBAN AFFAIRS (2019), 3(1), 104-108. https://doi.org/10.25034/ijcua.2018.4687 www.ijcua.com Copyright © 2018 Contemporary Urban Affairs. All rights reserved. 1. Introduction Crime is considered to be understood as being destructive to human and it’s surrounding and a lot ought to be done to handle this. (Hillier, 2005) defined a sustainable community as safe, perceives itself to be safe and is considered by others to be safe. However, both sustainability and security are two important factors to be considered during the design process. Sometimes these two elements complement each other. In light of these considerations, mitigating crime and fear of crime may improve the quality of human life (Schneider & Kitchen, 2007) which is a basic human need. Safety and security have always been major human needs throughout history. Sustainable design has been defined as development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. The concept of sustainability presents the urgent need for radical change in man’s thinking and behavior, so much so that it is termed the ’global revolution .. Sustainability is a common and a contemporary goal of many urban development policies in various countries (Chan & Lee, 2006). Sustainable development includes extensive discussions on the various levels and activities, including an international scale, regional, provincial, city, neighborhood and building scale. According to existing researches neighborhoods are the main places where people feel the lack of safety and insecurity in these areas (e.g. Abdi, 2012). An urban community place can be thought to be brimming with consumption of energy, waste creating and heat producing activities. This can be caused by high populace focus, industrialization forms, and vehicular activity clog and development operations. As per (Mabogunje, 2011), numerous nations are moving towards having 40 to 50 % of their populace living in urban communities. The high populace thickness in the city makes challenges in the parts of urban housing quality and quantity, financial and infrastructural improvement, environmental quality and in addition energy request. 2. Crime and social problem Crime has been characterized in the Oxford English Dictionary (1989) as a demonstration deserving of law, as being illegal by statute or damaging to general society welfare; a malevolent or harmful act; an offense, a transgression, particularly of a grave character (Abdul Mohit and ElsawahliHannan, 2010) Therefore, it is essential to consider elective choices to take care of the current issues. There is most likely that crime is impacted by an assortment of elements, for example, monetary, social, and administrative and also physical components. In the interim, the commitment of the manufactured condition towards the diminishment of crime has gotten impressive consideration over the most recent four decades.The omnipresent issues of crime and the dread of crime keep on representing endemic issues for post-modern urban social orders. In the UK, for instance, crime has expanded all things considered by 5.1% every year since 1918 (Home Office, 1999). Despite a noteworthy descending pattern in the UK, since 1995 (Home Office, 2010), and the variety of unpleasant designs in the UK, the USA and Australia, the issue of crime remains a noteworthy worry for governments, the police, especially the counteractive action of offenses. Researching the urban community stage, where (and when) crime is found, can along these lines contribute much to our current information and comprehension of crime and aid the creation and support of more secure, energetic and more sustainability urban community. Indeed, there is a growing body of research That links urban sustainability with crime (Du Plessis, 1999; Cozens, 2002) It is increasingly recognized that a sustainable community is one that is both safe and perceived by its residents to be safe from crime.Upgrading an urban community infested with crime using sustainable design have different reactions in different neighborhood. Figure 1 illustrates how people in crime infested places react to a new environment, mentally, socially and physically. Firstly from the physical and mental point of view there is a reduction in stress level, control in stress level, secondly from the aspect of metal health and social activity there are loads of issues such as low self-esteem or self-confidence and thirdly is the aspect of the Physical and social activity here there is a feeling of safety and a breath of positive life. Figure 1: Reaction ofupgrading an urban community infested with crime using sustainable design (designed by author). 3. An insight on Sustainable design on reducing crime rate Sustainable design is awareness for substantial development which has come to stay, all over the world today architects, engineers and developers are generally searching for approaches to mirror their new ideas of building and particularly to design.

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Impact of A Community Place in Regards to Sustainable Design towards Decreasing Social Crime*MA.NADEREH AFZHOOL Faculty of Architecture, Girne American University, North Cyprus E mail: nadreh.afjool@gmail.com A B S T R A C T Human settlements have constantly provided to accommodate the wellbeing, security and the prosperity of their residents regarding plan and closeness of area to water, sustenance and other crucial assets. Safety and security have been critical issues all through history, from early ancient period to medieval and present day urban areas. In light of the populace development and quick urbanization that propels everywhere throughout the world, crime has turned out to be a standout amongst the most genuine social issues. Actually, governments and diverse specialists are attempting to vanquish this marvel by contributing a colossal measure of trade as invasive measures. Regardless, this issue is as yet uncertain as crime rates far and wide continue heightening. Dealing with and diminishing the pessimistic impacts of crime on human life will provoke more conspicuous controls and further welcome more enthusiasm of both the general population and the Community. This exploration will talk about crime and economical design concerning man and its condition with a view to decreasing the effect it has on man and nature. Designers and other design experts should mull over the encompassing condition keeping in mind the end goal to lessen. The design of structures and the game plan public offices and other outside spaces can influence the chance of crime and the level of dread of crime. CONTEMPORARY URBAN AFFAIRS (2019), 3(1), 104-108. https://doi.org/10.25034/ijcua.2018.4687 www.ijcua.com Copyright © 2018 Contemporary Urban Affairs. All rights reserved. 1. Introduction Crime is considered to be understood as being destructive to human and it’s surrounding and a lot ought to be done to handle this. (Hillier, 2005) defined a sustainable community as safe, perceives itself to be safe and is considered by others to be safe. However, both sustainability and security are two important factors to be considered during the design process. Sometimes these two elements complement each other. In light of these considerations, mitigating crime and fear of crime may improve the quality of human life (Schneider & Kitchen, 2007) which is a basic human need. Safety and security have always been major human needs throughout history. Sustainable design has been defined as development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. The concept of sustainability presents the urgent need for radical change in man’s thinking and behavior, so much so that it is termed the ’global revolution .. Sustainability is a common and a contemporary goal of many urban development policies in various countries (Chan & Lee, 2006). Sustainable development includes extensive discussions on the various levels and activities, including an international scale, regional, provincial, city, neighborhood and building scale. According to existing researches neighborhoods are the main places where people feel the lack of safety and insecurity in these areas (e.g. Abdi, 2012). An urban community place can be thought to be brimming with consumption of energy, waste creating and heat producing activities. This can be caused by high populace focus, industrialization forms, and vehicular activity clog and development operations. As per (Mabogunje, 2011), numerous nations are moving towards having 40 to 50 % of their populace living in urban communities. The high populace thickness in the city makes challenges in the parts of urban housing quality and quantity, financial and infrastructural improvement, environmental quality and in addition energy request. 2. Crime and social problem Crime has been characterized in the Oxford English Dictionary (1989) as a demonstration deserving of law, as being illegal by statute or damaging to general society welfare; a malevolent or harmful act; an offense, a transgression, particularly of a grave character (Abdul Mohit and ElsawahliHannan, 2010) Therefore, it is essential to consider elective choices to take care of the current issues. There is most likely that crime is impacted by an assortment of elements, for example, monetary, social, and administrative and also physical components. In the interim, the commitment of the manufactured condition towards the diminishment of crime has gotten impressive consideration over the most recent four decades.The omnipresent issues of crime and the dread of crime keep on representing endemic issues for post-modern urban social orders. In the UK, for instance, crime has expanded all things considered by 5.1% every year since 1918 (Home Office, 1999). Despite a noteworthy descending pattern in the UK, since 1995 (Home Office, 2010), and the variety of unpleasant designs in the UK, the USA and Australia, the issue of crime remains a noteworthy worry for governments, the police, especially the counteractive action of offenses. Researching the urban community stage, where (and when) crime is found, can along these lines contribute much to our current information and comprehension of crime and aid the creation and support of more secure, energetic and more sustainability urban community. Indeed, there is a growing body of research That links urban sustainability with crime (Du Plessis, 1999; Cozens, 2002) It is increasingly recognized that a sustainable community is one that is both safe and perceived by its residents to be safe from crime.Upgrading an urban community infested with crime using sustainable design have different reactions in different neighborhood. Figure 1 illustrates how people in crime infested places react to a new environment, mentally, socially and physically. Firstly from the physical and mental point of view there is a reduction in stress level, control in stress level, secondly from the aspect of metal health and social activity there are loads of issues such as low self-esteem or self-confidence and thirdly is the aspect of the Physical and social activity here there is a feeling of safety and a breath of positive life. Figure 1: Reaction ofupgrading an urban community infested with crime using sustainable design (designed by author). 3. An insight on Sustainable design on reducing crime rate Sustainable design is awareness for substantial development which has come to stay, all over the world today architects, engineers and developers are generally searching for approaches to mirror their new ideas of building and particularly to design.

Journal of Contemporary Urban Affairs
Girne American University

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This page is a summary of: Impact of A Community Place in Regards to Sustainable Design towards Decreasing Social Crime, Journal of Contemporary Urban Affairs, June 2018, Journal of Contemporary Urban Affairs (JCUA), DOI: 10.25034/ijcua.2018.4687.
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