What is it about?

Hate is a growing and timely concern. This public policy study focuses on articulating possible solutions to specific problems and on providing a framework within which these problems can be identified and resolved by accentuating moral and social responsibility. Hate speech is a specific type of online content that is designed to threaten certain groups publicly and act as propaganda for offline organizations. Hate groups use websites for sharing ideology, propaganda, link to similar sites, recruit new converts, advocate violence and threat others. The aim of this paper is to analyse the ways Nethate can be countered. It is written and argued in the realm of ethics, or rather applied ethics. It offers a discussion on moral and social responsibility. Unfortunately, this is a neglected issue in the New Media literature.

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Why is it important?

Hate speech might lead to hate crime and terror. We need to acknowledge the harm in hate.


This public policy article suggests concrete steps to fight hate on the Net. Hate speech is defined as a bias-motivated, hostile, malicious speech aimed at a person or a group of people because of some of their actual or perceived innate characteristics. It expresses discriminatory, intimidating, disapproving, antagonistic and/or prejudicial attitudes toward those characteristics which include sex, race, religion, ethnicity, colour, national origin, disability, or sexual orientation. Hate speech is aimed to injure, dehumanize, harass, intimidate, debase, degrade, and victimize the targeted groups, and to foment insensitivity and brutality against them. A hate site is defined as a site that carries hateful message in any form of textual, visual, or audio-based rhetoric.

Professor raphael cohen-almagor
University of Hull

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: Fighting Hate and Bigotry on the Internet, Policy & Internet, January 2011, Wiley,
DOI: 10.2202/1944-2866.1059.
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