What is it about?

A new design was implemented with regard to a more effective cooling of the flank face, presumably caused by an improved cutting fluid flow velocity particularly at the cutting edge corners. Simulation-based findings, combined with experimental tests of the new prototypes, could reveal that the improved cutting fluid flow in the area of the cutting edges leads to significantly extended tool life and machining performance when drilling Inconel 718.

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Why is it important?

This flank face modification allows a greater amount of cutting fluid to flow along the back of the cutting edge at higher velocities while at the same time creating the potential of a friction reduction between the tool tip and bore hole ground. The described concept was implemented on solid carbide twist drills which were then used to machine Inconel 718. The results show that, while tools equipped with a flank face retraction perform up to four times longer compared to standard tools, they tend to reach the end of tool life rather suddenly due to cutting edge chipping. This typically occurred when the maximum width of flank wear land equalled the width of the remaining cutting edge.


Future work within this research project will experimentally clarify how the introduction of the flank modification affects the temperatures occurring at the cutting edge. In addition, experimental flow analyses will be performed to validate the CFD simulations already carried out. Based on the gathered insights, the aim is to further improve the concept of a flank modification for drilling Inconel 718 and similar demanding nickel-base alloys.

Dr. Ekrem Oezkaya
Institute of Machining Technology

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: A New Flank Face Design Leading to an Improved Process Performance when Drilling High-Temperature Nickel-Base Alloys, SSRN Electronic Journal, January 2020, Elsevier, DOI: 10.2139/ssrn.3722782.
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