What is it about?
A laboratory-scale apparatus was fabricated and used to simulate the gas migration in a cemented annulus. The so-called Modified Wellbore Simulation Chamber (MWSC) has the capability to simulate gas migration under a wide range of representative borehole conditions. In addition, the MWSC is equipped with a Gas Flow Indicator, which makes it possible to accurately identify the onset and the termination of the time period that a cemented annulus is vulnerable to gas migration.
Photo by Zbynek Burival on Unsplash
Why is it important?
Gas migration into and along cemented wellbore annuli has been recognized as both safety and environmental risks for the gas and oil industries. The problem becomes most severe when formation gas is able to enter the wellbore annulus and travel vertically, potentially migrating to nearby freshwater aquifers.
Read the Original
This page is a summary of: Application of a Laboratory-Scale Apparatus to Simulate Gas Migration during Cement Slurry Hydration, Journal of Testing and Evaluation, November 2022, ASTM International, DOI: 10.1520/jte20220321.
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