What is it about?

This article looks at what happened to musicians' social relationships during COVID lockdowns. Through interviews we found musicians lost many close social networks, but started connecting more broadly through the internet. We also propose 'Crystal Capital' as a new theory to understand these online relationships.

Featured Image

Why is it important?

This is the first study to explore how community musicians experienced COVID lockdowns at a personal and social level. Not only does it offer important insight into the impact of lockdowns on musical communities, but it also offers a unique exploration of music-mediated social interaction in online settings. Finally, it provides a new theoretical concept, and language, to explain social engagement in the context of online musical participation.


This article looks at both the positives and negatives of the 'digital pivot' towards online music provision and engagement.

Alexander Crooke
University of Melbourne

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: Fractured bonds and crystal capital: Social capital among COVID-era music communities, International Journal of Community Music, November 2021, Intellect,
DOI: 10.1386/ijcm_00047_1.
You can read the full text:



The following have contributed to this page