What is it about?

In this study, we looked at how changing the way people walk, known as gait retraining, can help reduce foot pronation, a common issue linked to lower limb injuries. We reviewed 15 studies involving 295 participants to see if gait retraining could make a difference. Our findings suggest that adjusting foot progression angle, center of pressure, backward walking, changing foot strike may help reduce foot pronation effectively. Overall, gait retraining shows promise in addressing foot pronation, with many studies showing improvements. Techniques like changing how the foot lands and shifting body weight during walking seem to offer positive results. However, more research is needed to fully understand the long-term benefits and effectiveness of gait retraining for foot pronation.

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Why is it important?

Foot pronation is a common issue that can contribute to various lower extremity injuries. By focusing on modifying walking technique through gait retraining, individuals can potentially reduce the risk of these injuries associated with foot pronation. This approach offers a promising and accessible intervention that may help improve overall foot biomechanics and prevent future musculoskeletal issues. Ultimately, gait retraining targeting foot pronation has the potential to enhance movement efficiency, reduce injury risk, and promote better foot health.


The efficacy of gait retraining warrants investigation due to its potential benefits, including ease of implementation into daily routines, minimal cost implications, and independence from specialized equipment instruments or environment.

Fateme Khorramroo
University of Tehran

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: Gait retraining targeting foot pronation: A systematic review and meta-analysis, PLoS ONE, March 2024, PLOS,
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0298646.
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