What is it about?

With the rapid development of information technology, internet enterprises have sprung up, bringing about huge power consumption due to constantly expanding enterprise scale, which in turn leads to significant carbon emissions. Additionally, the large influence of internet enterprises on the public and other businesses makes it particularly necessary to pay attention to their carbon emission reduction efforts.To explore the evolution path and patterns of carbon emission reduction among internet enterprises under the carbon neutrality goal, this paper constructs an evolutionary game model for internet enterprises to enter the carbon emissions trading market based on Externality and Sustainable Development Theories, while considering constraints from the carbon market, financial institutions and the public. The model utilizes Python 3.8.2 software for numerical simulations, aiming to push internet enterprises towards low-carbon development. The research findings indicate that: (1) Carbon emission reduction behavior of internet enterprises exhibits significant externality, and when constraints are weak or incentives are not evident, the motivation for enterprises to reduce carbon emissions is insufficient. (2) The carbon market can effectively promote carbon emission reduction among internet enterprises, and the strategy of entering the carbon market becomes the preferred option for these enterprises gradually. (3) Multiple constraints, including emission reduction costs, penalty for non-compliance, government subsidies, financing costs, opportunity losses, and reputation losses, can force internet enterprises towards low-carbon development.

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Why is it important?

Internet enterprises possess vast amounts of data and employees, and their data centers, super computing centers, product supply chains, as well as administrative offices, all produce significant carbon emissions[1]. Compared to key emitting industries, although the current proportion of carbon emissions from internet enterprises may be relatively small, the adjustment of industrial structures is expected to result in a considerable impact from their carbon footprint on the overall emissions landscape. Additionally, given the widespread influence of internet enterprises, their strong exemplary and driving roles in low-carbon emission reduction demonstrate a notable guiding effect on both the public and other enterprises. Therefore, exploring effective pathways for internet enterprises to achieve low-carbon emissions within the context of carbon trading represents a compelling topic worthy of further examination.


Through numerical simulations, it depicts the evolutionary path of carbon emission reduction, aiming to provide decision-making reference suggestions for the government, internet companies, and other stakeholders to promote sustainable development.

Lei Qian
Liaoning Technical University

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: Evolutionary game analysis of carbon emission reduction of Internet enterprises under multiple constraints, PLoS ONE, January 2024, PLOS,
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0296918.
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