What is it about?

It is about, changing Land ownership, tenancy structure, production conditions, land productivity, employment, and its contracts, Income/expenditure of the farmers and rural labourers and ultimately poverty situation in one of the poorest belts of India.

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Why is it important?

It tries to explain poverty of a region that has remained poor for decades despite many efforts by the Government machinery, through its agrarian structure and functioning of rural labour market ,


Poverty in developing countries is primarily a rural phenomenon and it arises because of low levels of land and labour productivity. Nowadays there are no much work on agrarian transformation and rural labor markets. With growing complexities in agrarian relations and rural labour markets, it was felt that there is a need to analyze these complexities more scientifically and systematically through an integrated approach so that appropriate policies and programmes could be formulated to suit to the needs of the farmers and rural labourers.

Ramya Ranjan Patel
V. V. Giri National Labour Institute, Ministry of Labour and Employment, Government of India

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: Agrarian Transformation and Changing Labour Relations in Kalahandi, Odisha, Journal of South Asian Development, December 2019, SAGE Publications,
DOI: 10.1177/0973174119889831.
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