What is it about?
This study investigated the factors predicting knowledge sharing among architects in architectural firms in Ibadan metropolis, southwestern Nigeria. The study provided insight into the validity of social exchange theory, social capital theory and technological factors for studying and explaining knowledge sharing among professional architects in architectural firms. Survey research design was adopted for the study. A field survey of 104 architects was carried out using a questionnaire for data collection. Convenience and snowball sampling techniques were used to select the respondents for the study. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics and multiple regression. Findings revealed that significant predictors of knowledge sharing were enjoyment in helping others, social interaction, social identification, shared language/vision and loss of knowledge power. The level of information and communication technology (ICT) usage was also found to significantly predict knowledge sharing among architects. However, the results indicated that organisational rewards and trust do not significantly predict knowledge sharing among architects. The results also showed that loss of knowledge power negatively affected knowledge sharing, suggesting a tendency to hoard knowledge. Based on these research findings, recommendations were therefore made.
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Why is it important?
The findings can benefit young and upcoming architects, including other professionals in the construction industry such as the town planners, engineers and academics in related disciplines. The main recommendation of the study is that the management of architectural firms in Nigeria need to implement corporate policies and strategies to help their professional employees increase their motivation to share knowledge, towards fostering effective knowledge sharing practices within their firms.
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This page is a summary of: Predicting knowledge sharing by professional architects in architectural firms in Ibadan, Nigeria, Information Development, August 2018, SAGE Publications, DOI: 10.1177/0266666918793927.
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Social and Technology Factors Affecting Knowledge Sharing among Architects in Architectural Firms in Ibadan, Nigeria
Effective knowledge sharing among project members is crucial for project-based organizations in order to avoid past mistakes, improve work efficiency, and reduce failure risk of projects. Making appropriate design knowledge accessible to the right architects at the right time is central to team building and for sustaining competencies. However, despite the importance of knowledge sharing culture among design teams, members are not likely to share knowledge because of the potential threat associated with providing critical information to other design team members. This study provides answers to six research questions. Data were collected from 25 architects using one-on-one interviews, ranging from the principal architects to the trainee architects in thirteen architectural firms in the Ibadan metropolis. The study findings revealed that knowledge recovery, synergy and reciprocity are the major factors motivating knowledge sharing among the architects, while the factors inhibiting knowledge sharing are distrust, superiority complex, unwillingness to learn, over-criticism, mediocrity, treachery, and abuse of knowledge. This study therefore recommends attitudes of conflict avoidance, and suggested also that conservative habits should be eliminated to enhance effective sharing of architectural design knowledge; especially design knowledge containing some new thoughts or innovative ideas. The study further recommends that architectural firms should deploy more ICT infrastructure and services that can promote effective knowledge sharing amongst architects.
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