What is it about?

In this article, we discuss differences between extroverted and introverted music learners and synthesize research findings into commonsense teaching strategies that support a variety of student personalities. Music educators can make small adjustments to their existing practices to ensure all students grow and thrive, even the quieter ones.

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Why is it important?

In many Western societies, a distinct bias toward extroversion exists. However, introverted or quieter students may constitute up to 50 percent of participants in a given music class or ensemble. A deeper commitment to understanding individual personality differences is necessary if every student is to be engaged fully.


This article was a collaboration with recent M.M.-Music Education graduate Cameron Ross. It is always an honor and pleasure to partner with my students on research projects!

Josef Hanson
University of Memphis

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: Honor the Quiet Listeners: Foundations and Approaches for Supporting Introverted Music Students, Music Educators Journal, June 2022, SAGE Publications, DOI: 10.1177/00274321221107007.
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