What is it about?
The role of anti-communist popular protest in the success of electoral democracy in revolutionary Portugal (1974-1975). It challenges the narratives which stress the role of elite organisations such as the Catholic Church, the Socialist Party leadership or the US embassy.
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Why is it important?
Social movement studies on the Portuguese Revolution have pitted electoral democracy against popular mobilisation. The revolution swarmed with economic and social struggles, self-management, collective learning and popular direct action, an empowering process which came to an end with the stabilisation of electoral democracy. Notwithstanding, this article shows that electoral democracy itself was the result of sustained popular mobilisation, a finding which invites to reconsider the role of social movements in political crises.
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This page is a summary of: Civil Resistance and Democracy in the Portuguese Revolution, Journal of Contemporary History, July 2016, SAGE Publications,
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