What is it about?

When we give consent, e.g. to a tattoo or medical procedure, we generate a permission for others. Yet, consent normally requires the absence of coercion. In this paper, I analyse the relation between consent and coercion in greater detail, with a particular focus on cases with three parties.

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Why is it important?

Social relationships and consent interactions are increasingly complex. As a result, the standard two-party model of a consent-giver and a consent-receiver rarely reflects our reality. For this reason, it is key to understand how a person's consent is affected by their social background more generally. This paper aims to make a contribution in this regard and explains how third-party coercion affects consent.


Writing this article allowed me to combine research on consent with research on coercion, as well as to explore interpersonal dynamics in greater detail.

Maximilian Kiener
University of Oxford

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: Consenting Under Third-Party Coercion, Journal of Moral Philosophy, October 2021, Brill,
DOI: 10.1163/17455243-20213548.
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