Lung airway repair caused by a viral infection model: implications for asthma and COPD
What is it about?
The paper describes the action of a virus model (polyI:C) on the lining of lung cells (bronchial epithelial cells) followed using time-lapse microscopy. MMP‐13 (an enzyme involved in collagen restructuring) and endothelin (a vasoconstricting peptide involved in lung and other diseases) were also released. Inhibitors of MMP‐13 activity (WAY 170523) and expression (dimethyl fumarate) significantly enhanced the rate of repair. Bosentan (an endothelin receptor drug) enhanced the rate of bronchial epithelial repair by a mechanism that was independent of MMP‐13.
Why is it important?
Bronchial epithelial repair is limited by endothelin and by MMP‐13, a protease that degrades coagulation factors, such as fibrinogen, and matrix proteins essential for epithelial repair. Further studies with primary cells from patients are needed to confirm whether repurposing bosentan and inhibitors of MMP‐13 expression or activity, for inhalation may be a useful therapeutic strategy in diseases where repeated cycles of epithelial injury and repair occur, such as asthma and COPD.
The following have contributed to this page: Dr James R Smith
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