What is it about?

The author analyses variables that have an impact on the number of the patent applications (functional literacy, human development index, university/industry research collaboration, and gross domestic spending on R&D) in the developed (EU‐28) and developing (WB‐5) countries. The WB‐5 firms, especially small and medium enterprises (SMEs), do not use of the opportunities offered by intellectual property (IP) protection. They find the system too costly, complex, and difficult to manage.

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Why is it important?

The author builds a model for increasing the number of patent applications among European SMEs that is based on the support of international business support organizations (BSOs). Moreover, the author recognizes the positive impact of international IP support programmes (such as EU IPR Helpdesk ambassador scheme) on the work of local BSOs that deal with IP rights.


The manuscript is the result of the post-doctoral studies conducted at the University of Maribor (Slovenia). During the period of three years, I have made nine research papers.

Bojan Cudic

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This page is a summary of: Factors impacting patent applications in European countries, Regional Science Policy & Practice, March 2021, Wiley,
DOI: 10.1111/rsp3.12405.
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